14 Jamadil Awal 1431H
The Linux Terminal, as shown in Pic 1, is similar to the Windows Command Prompt. The Terminal can be accessed from the panel as shown in Step 1 of Using Terminal in this post: How to update Ubuntu using Terminal or Update Manager.
The Terminal can also be accessed using a shortcut in the context menu (right-click menu) by right-clicking the mouse, or pressing the menu key on the keyboard. In the context menu, the shortcut to the Terminal is labeled as "Open in Terminal" as can be seen in Pic 8. To be able to use this shortcut, the Terminal shortcut needs to be added to the menu first. How to add it? The simplest and safest way to install is via the Ubuntu Software Center.
1. Run the Ubuntu Software Center. From the panel, click Applications > Ubuntu Software Center. Refer to Pic 2.
2. Type "nautilus open terminal" in the search field. The auto-filtered results will be displayed instantly.
Select the "nautilus plugin for opening terminals in arbitrary local paths". Then click the More Info button. Refer to Pic 3.
3. To install the nautilus-open-terminal, simply click the Install - Free button.
4. If a security window as shown in Pic 5 pops-up, type in your security password then click the Authenticate button. Otherwise, ignore this step.
5. The nautilus-open-terminal installation process is shown in Pic 6. Once the process is complete, reboot (restart) your laptop for the installation to take effect.
[Update: 9 Feb 2012M] Thank you to Brian for suggesting this method and webpage on how to restart nautilus without having to reboot or log out:
How to restart nautilus without logging out?
"Then just open Nautilus and Open in Terminal is in the context menu" --Brian.
Pic 7 shows the absence of the Terminal shortcut in the context menu. This is after the installation is complete, but before rebooting.
Pic 8 shows the presence of the Terminal shortcut in the context menu, indicated as "Open in Terminal".